According to the National Institutes of Health, diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body cannot properly process and use sugars. This can happen when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body does not respond properly to insulin.
Over time, if diabetes is not managed, it can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, and blindness.
There are two main types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes, which develops when the body cannot produce insulin. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes, which develops when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not properly use insulin. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults, but it is now being seen more frequently in children and adolescents.
There is also a condition called gestational diabetes, which can develop during pregnancy.
If you have diabetes mellitus, it is important to work with your health care team to manage your condition. This includes following a healthy eating plan, getting regular physical activity, taking medication as prescribed, and monitoring your blood sugar levels.