Diabetes Symptoms Causes
What Are Diabetes Symptoms Causes
When most people think of diabetes, they think of high blood sugar. But diabetes is a complex disease with many different types and causes, and it can affect different parts of the body.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in children or young adults. With type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells use glucose (sugar) for energy.
Type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is the most common. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not use insulin properly.
Gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can cause high blood sugar levels in both the mother and the baby.
There are a number of other less common types of diabetes, including:
Monogenic diabetes. This type of diabetes is caused by a mutation (change) in a single gene.
Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY). This type of diabetes is caused by a mutation in a single gene. MODY often runs in families.
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). LADA is a form of type 1 diabetes that develops in adults. With LADA, the body slowly stops making insulin.
Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD). CFRD is a type of diabetes that occurs in people with cystic fibrosis, a genetic disorder that affects the lungs, pancreas, and other organs.
There are a number of symptoms that can be associated with diabetes, including:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Weight loss
• Increased hunger
• Blurred vision
• Slow healing of cuts and bruises
• Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
• Frequent infections
If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor so that you can be diagnosed and treated.
Left untreated, diabetes can lead to a number of serious complications, including:
• Heart disease
• Kidney disease
• Eye problems
• Nerve damage
• Foot problems
• Skin problems
• Alzheimer’s disease
With proper treatment, however, people with diabetes can lead healthy, normal lives.