Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes Treatment

If you have diabetes, your body cannot make or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose, or sugar, get into your cells to give them energy.

Without insulin, too much sugar stays in your blood. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth.

You can take steps to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by losing weight, being active, and making healthy food choices. If you have type 2 diabetes, you will need to take insulin or other diabetes medicines. You will also need to make healthy food choices, be active, and stay at a healthy weight.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It usually develops in adults, but children as young as 10 years old can get it. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not make or use insulin well.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. If you have gestational diabetes, you and your baby are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.

You can have any type of diabetes at any age, but type 2 diabetes is more common in adults. Type 2 diabetes often has no symptoms, so many people don’t know they have it. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may not feel sick, but over time it can damage your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys.

Diabetes Treatment

If you have diabetes, you can take steps to prevent or delay complications. These steps include:

• Controlling your blood sugar levels.

• Taking insulin or other diabetes medicines, if needed.

• Making healthy food choices.

• Being active.

• Monitoring your diabetes.

• Taking care of your feet.

If you have diabetes, you need to see your health care provider regularly. He or she will check your blood sugar levels and your diabetes medicine. You may also need to have your eyes checked and your feet checked for problems.

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Reference: Diabetes